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作者:曾浤鈞
作者(英文):Tseng, Hung-Chun
論文名稱(中文):物聯網和養殖漁業技術之整合
論文名稱(英文):Integration of Internet of Things and Aquaculture Technologies
指導教授(中文):林一平
陳伶志
指導教授(英文):Lin, Yi-Bing
Chen, Ling-Jyh
口試委員:林寶樹
范倫達
廖婉君
楊舜仁
陳元凱
口試委員(英文):Lin, Bao-Shuh
Van, Lan-Da
Liao, Wan-Jiun
Yang, Shun-Ren
Chen, Yuan-Kai
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:網路與資訊系統博士學位學程
學號:0286903
出版年(民國):109
畢業學年度:108
語文別:英文
論文頁數:144
中文關鍵詞:物聯網長期演進技術LTE和WLAN聚合技術量測報告接收訊號強度指標窄頻物聯網NB-IoTtalkFishTalk
外文關鍵詞:Internet of Things (IoT)Long-Term Evolution (LTE)LTE-WLAN Aggregation (LWA)Measurement ReportReceived Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI)Narrow Band Internet of Things (NB-IoT)NB-IoTtalkFishTalk
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近年來由於對海洋魚類的大量捕撈,造成海洋資源的枯竭,所以,養殖漁業便開始受到重視。本研究提出物聯網與相關設備整合的系統(包含感測器、控制器和攝影機),在此系統中,使用電信網路包含LTE與WLAN聚合技術(LWA)和窄頻物聯網(NB-IoT)做為通訊的方式。此外,考量未來可能的大規模佈署,我們開發出一個管理平台NB-IoTtalk,用以未來管理多套水質監測器。
為了同時監控多台攝像機,我們針對LWA進行了研究以確保足夠的下行頻寬。LWA結合了LTE和無線區域網路的無線資源,讓封包可以透過LTE和無線區域網路傳送。基地台會週期性地的接收到用戶設備量測WLAN訊號品質的回報。我們利用此一特性,針對無線區域網路的接收訊號強度指標(RSSI)提出一簡單的LTE-to-WLAN Ratio(LWR)規則,在LTE基地台中實現具有自動調適功能的LWA分流演算法。我們也研究週期回報的性能,然後提出改良式的事件觸發回報機制以提高WLAN傳輸速率調節的性能。
我們使用NB-IoT做為資料的傳輸介面,所以開發人員需要創建連接到NB-IoT服務器的“網絡應用程式”。由於許多戶外物聯網應用涉及大量同類型NB-IoT設備,在應用開發中管理這些設備的工作相當繁瑣。基於前述原因,我們提出了NB-IoTtalk服務平台,用於NB-IoT應用的快速開發,利用標籤機制解決此問題。
此外,為了驗證系統的可行性,我們先將系統實作在水族箱上。我們提出了FishTalk系統,並與影像同時結合,讓用戶可以遠端操作控制器且利用監控攝影機來確認控制項目是否有正常運行,同時允許水族箱感測器即時驅動控制器。而在適當更換控制器和參數設置後,可以直接在大型養魚場中重複使用。
Over fishing has caused the depletion of marine resources, so the new technology for aquaculture is essential. This dissertation proposes a fishing farm system (including sensors, actuators, and cameras) that integrates Internet of Things (IoT) technologies and telecommunications networks (including LTE and WLAN aggregation technologies (LWA) and narrow-band Internet of Things (NB-IoT)). In addition, take the possible large-scale deployment into consideration in the future, we develop a management platform (NB-IoTtalk) to manage multiple sets of water quality monitors at the same time.
In order to monitor multiple cameras at the same time, we studied the LWA to guarantee the large downlink bandwidth. LWA combines the radio resources of Long Term Evolution (LTE) and WLAN to make its packets be delivered through either LTE or WLAN. Since the LTE base station periodically receives the measurement report from the user equipment (UE) that reports the quality of the WLAN signal, we propose a simple LTE-to-WLAN Ratio (LWR) rule based on the WLAN’s Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI). We also show the user plane of the LWA and implement the LWA offloading algorithm on the LTE base station. Furthermore, we investigate the performance of periodical reporting, and then propose the enhanced event-triggered reporting to improve the performance of WLAN transmission rate adaption.
Since NB-IoT technology is adopted, developers need to create "web applications" that connect to NB-IoT servers. However, many outdoor IoT applications involve large numbers of homogeneous NB-IoT devices, and it is tedious to specify and accommodate these devices in application development. Therefore based on a labeling mechanism, we propose the NB-IoTtalk service platform for rapid development of NB-IoT applications.
In addition to verify the feasibility of our approach, we implement the system on an aquarium box. We proposed the FishTalk system and integrated the video simultaneously. In the system, the user can remotely operate the actuators and use the surveillance camera to confirm that the actuators is functioning properly. The system allows the aquarium sensors to drive the actuators in real time and its software can be directly reused in a large-scale fish farm after appropriate replacement of the actuators and parameter setting.
摘 要 I
ABSTRACT III
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT V
TABLE OF CONTENTS VI
LIST OF TABLES IX
LIST OF FIGURES X
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1. LWA Network Architecture 3
1.2. IoT Communication Technologies 6
1.3. IoTtalk 8
1.4. Dissertation Organization 10
CHAPTER 2 SPLITTING LTE-WLAN AGGREGATION 12
2.1. The LWA User Plane Implementation 13
2.2. The Adaptive LWA Routing Procedure 15
2.3. Packet Loss Performance 18
2.4. Throughput Performance and LWR Selection 22
2.5. Summary 26
CHAPTER 3 LWA RATE ADAPTION BY ENHANCED EVENT-TRIGGERED REPORTING 28
3.1. Measurement Reporting 29
3.1.1. Event-Triggered Reporting for UE Mobility 29
3.1.2. Periodical Reporting for WLAN Transmission Rate Adaption 30
3.2. Enhanced Event-Triggered Reporting for Transmission Rate Adaption 32
3.3. Modeling Periodical Reporting 35
3.3.1. Exponential δi and General t1 37
3.3.2. General δi and Exponential t1 45
3.4. Performance Evaluation 49
3.5. Summary 53
CHAPTER 4 NB-IOTTALK: A SERVICE PLATFORM FOR FAST DEVELOPMENT OF NB-IOT APPLICATIONS 55
4.1. The NB-IoTtalk Architecture and Automatic Network Application Creation 56
4.2. Automatic Creation of Device Profile 62
4.3. Configuring the NB-IoT Applications 68
4.4. The Simulation Model 71
4.5. Performance Evaluation for Smart Parking Lot 74
4.6. Related Work 82
4.7. Summary 84
CHAPTER 5 FISHTALK: AN IOT-BASED MINI AQUARIUM SYSTEM 86
5.1. Dissolved Gas Factors for Water Quality 89
5.1.1. Carbon Dioxide 89
5.1.2. Oxygen 90
5.1.3. Ammonia 90
5.2. The Aquarium Sensors 91
5.2.1. The Temperature Sensors 92
5.2.2. The pH Sensors 93
5.2.3. The Electrical Conductivity Sensor and Carbonate Hardness 94
5.3. The Aquarium Actuators 95
5.3.1. Food Feeder 95
5.3.2. Aquarium Heater and Fan 96
5.3.3. Water Pump and Light 97
5.3.4. Reverse Osmosis Filter 97
5.4. Creation of FishTalk Projects 98
5.5. Performance Evaluation 105
5.5.1. Effect of Message Delay 105
5.5.2. Effect of Lost Messages 113
5.6. Summary 115
CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORK 117
6.1. Concluding Remarks 117
6.2. Future Work 119
BIBLIOGRAPHY 120
APPENDIX A NOTATION USED IN CHAPTERS 127
A.1. Notation Used in Chapter 2 127
A.2. Notation Used in Chapter 3 128
A.3. Notation Used in Chapter 4 131
A.4. Notation Used in Chapter 5 132
APPENDIX B NB-IOTTALK USER MANUAL 134
B.1. Startup Process of NB-IoTtalk 134
B.2. Operating Procedures of NB-IoTtalk 137
PUBLICATION LIST 144

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