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作者(中文):周紹傑
作者(外文):Jhou, Shao-Jie
論文名稱(中文):神經多樣族群的機器人互動:以戲劇方法來達成負責任的創新研究
論文名稱(外文):Using Theatre to Study Human-Robot Interaction with Responsible Research of Innovation for Neurodiversity.
指導教授(中文):林宗德
指導教授(外文):Lin, Tzung-De
口試委員(中文):楊谷洋
陳國龍
蔡依仁
口試委員(外文):Yang, Kuu-Young
Chen, Kuo-Long
Tsai, Yi-Ren
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:亞際文化研究國際碩士學位學程(台灣聯合大學系統)
學號:105142701
出版年(民國):109
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:127
中文關鍵詞:神經多樣性人-機器人互動自主權應用戲劇負責任創新研究科技治理
外文關鍵詞:NeurodiversityHRIApplied TheatreAutonomyResponsible Research of InnovationTechnology Governance
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社交機器人作為科技創新的成果,其中最受各界矚目的應用即是醫療照護。在醫護陪伴情境之下,機器人預期中的服務對象大多是神經多樣性族群(Neurodiversity)如:自閉症、智能障礙,阿茲海默症與其他發展性障礙者。但在HRI (Human-Robot Interaction)研究領域中,該族群在認知上的敏感性與溝通表達的困難,以至於難以採取書面或是口頭的方法對該族群進行社交機器人的倫理議題調查,這將導致神經多樣族群在照護機器人的創新歷程中無法對倫理議題發聲。我們引用「負責任創新研究」概念,將神經多樣族群列為照護機器人創新歷程的利害關係人,並提出「戲劇」作為HRI研究的方法邀請神經多樣族群參與社交機器人的照護情境並提出他們的倫理觀點。本研究招募的神經多樣族群為泛自閉症與部分兼併智能障礙者。他們將作為觀眾來觀賞我們設計的照護機器人互動情境劇,並在觀賞完後回應戲劇中的自主權議題。為了證明戲劇方法有潛力讓神經多樣族群以被照護者的身分參與社交機器人的照護倫理議題,我們將比較自主權議題的書面調查與戲劇方法的調查方法。在本研究的第二章將提出戲劇之於HRI研究的四項優勢:「多元親和力」、「安全觀賞」、「編寫爭議」與「研究倫理限制的化解」。在本研究的實證階段,為了確立戲劇方法對於人HRI的倫理議題的四項優勢,我們在研究期間蒐集了8位參與者在書面調查與戲劇參與方法的回應內容,還有觀賞期間的的行為反應表。根據我們的研究結果顯示:對於表達意願較低或是口語能力較低的對象,戲劇方法的介入雖然無法讓本研究的所有參與者給出有效回應,但在本研究中發現戲劇方法比起常見的書面或口頭調查方法更能引發他們的關注與投入的回應,且在實驗期間沒有風險與研究倫理的問題。為了讓神經多樣族群能夠以利害關係人的身分在照護機器人相關議題中發聲,我們認為有必要持續地開發戲劇方法這類多元的參與管道讓自閉症或其他神經多樣族群能夠共參與科技創新的歷程,以此落實「負責任創新研究」的前瞻性責任觀。
As a result of technological innovation, medical care become one of the most eye-catching application in social robot. Social robots are expected to serve mostly neurodiversity groups such as: autism, intellectual disability, Alzheimer's disease and other developmental disabilities. However, in the research fields of Social Robot (SR) and HRI (Human-Robot Interaction), because people with neurodiversity don’t appreciate usual method such like writing or oral interview to let them expresses the opinion in ethical issue. It would lead to a situation that neurodiversity unable to be part of ethic issue in human robot interaction. To settle this problem, we quoted the concept of "Responsible Research of Innovation" to take autism as one of the stakeholders in the innovation process of social robot, and use a novel theatre method to invite people with neurodiversity to participate in social robot care situations and discuss ethic issue - autonomy. We have assumed that theatre method can unburden the loading of cognition from people with neurodiversity to express their ethical views easier. In this research we invited 8 people with autism as audience to a theatre scenario with autonomy issues. In order to establish the empirical feasibility of the theatre method for HRI's ethical issues, we analyzed the responses from 8 autistic audience after participating in the theatre scene, as well as the behavior response table during the viewing period. According to our analysis: although the intervention of the theatre method cannot make all the participants in this study consistently give proper response, we did observe that the intervention of the theatre method is more capable to triggered 3 participants’ attention and more devoted response to robot ethics issues. And theatre method reduced more risks and research ethics issues when we tried to study human robot interaction with neurodiversity participants. In order to allow the people with neurodiversity to speak as a stakeholder in issues related to the social robots in medical care, we believe that it is necessary to continuously refine multiple participation way such as theatre to enable people with autism or other neurodiversity to participate in technological innovations. To achieve a true "Responsible Innovation Research" for multiple stakeholder in social robot, we have to develop multiple way to collect their opinion.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
(一) 人-機器人互動研究(HRI) 2
(二) 神經多樣族群與機器人 3
(三) HRI研究的負責任創新 4
(四) 照護機器人中的倫理議題-自主權 5
(五) 小結 6
第二節 問題意識 6
(一) 風險治理與科技創新的責任觀 7
(二) 照護機器人-獨缺一角的負責任創新研究 11
第三節 創新方法對於神經多樣族群與HRI研究的意義 13
(一) 缺乏照護情境的神經多樣族群與HRI倫理研究 13
(二) 研究倫理對HRI的限制 15
第四節 小結 17
第二章 戲劇之於HRI研究的限制與優勢 20
第一節 戲劇方法在HRI領域的回顧 20
第二節 戲劇方法之於HRI倫理研究的優勢 23
(一) 戲劇的「多元親和力」 23
(二)「安全觀賞」HRI現場與使用情境 24
(三)「編寫爭議」的彈性 26
(四) 研究倫理限制的化解 27
第三節 小結 31
第三章 研究設計 32
第一節 研究參與者(戲劇觀眾) 33
第二節 編劇說明-一齣倫理爭議 34
第三節 機器人動作設計與開發 36
第五節 資料分析 41
第六節 預計成果 42
第四章 研究結果與分析 43
第一節 研究結果 43
(一) 書面/口頭詢問的回應 46
(二) 戲劇方法的介入結果 47
第二節 結果分析 49
(一) 機器人戲劇的多元親和力 50
(二) 從參與者的觀賞反應談機器人戲劇的安全性 68
(三) 編寫爭議的彈性-將倫理爭議編寫為適合特殊族群的劇本 76
(四) 機器人戲劇作為方法的研究倫理 79
第五章 討論、限制與建議 82
第一節 討論 82
(一) 為什麼戲劇方法需要受到重視 82
(二) 本研究補充的知識斷層 83
(三) 我的新發現是否與現有文獻與預期一致 84
第二節 限制、建議與未來目標 85
(一) 戲劇方法的參與者數量 85
(二) 戲劇內容如何能代表倫理爭議-戲劇與現實的差距 86
(三) 自閉症、HRI與戲劇創作的跨域挑戰 87
(四) 未來研究目標 88
總結 90
附錄 93
附件1 (自主權倫理訪談) 93
附件2 (泛自閉症訪談紀錄表) 95
附件3(分鏡表與台詞修正) 100
附件4(機器人戲劇腳本) 106
參考書目 111

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